Sudden cardiac arrest is the top cause of sudden death in sports.  The application of an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) is the most effective way of preventing death from sudden cardiac arrest.  The California Athletic Trainers’ Association introduced AB 2009 to help prevent catastrophic consequences from sudden cardiac arrest during interscholastic athletic events.

Bill Overview

Commencing July 1, 2019, AB 2009 requires all secondary and charter schools who elect to offer any interscholastic athletic program, to:

(1) ensure that there is a written emergency action plan (EAP) in place, and posted as specified, that describes the location and procedures to be followed in the event of sudden cardiac arrest or other medical emergencies related to the athletic program’s activities or events,

(2) acquire, commencing July 1, 2019, at least one Automated External Defibrillator (AED) for each school within the school district or the charter school to be available on-campus,

(3) encourage that the AED or AEDs are available within 3-5 minutes of a sudden cardiac arrest for the purpose of rendering emergency care or treatment, as specified,

(4) ensure that the AED or AEDs are available to athletic trainers and coaches and authorized persons at the athletic program’s on-campus activities or events, and

(5) ensure that the AED or AEDs are maintained and regularly tested, as specified.

Full Bill Language for AB 2009

Emergency Action Plans

  • What is an Emergency Action Plan or EAP
    • Emergency action plans (EAP) provide guidelines and templates for documentation of emergency planning to prepare and respond in the event of a catastrophic injury situation within sports and should…
      • include specific information for each venue including directions for Emergency Medical Services (EMS).
      • identify personnel and their responsibilities to carry out the EAP with a designated chain of command.
      • identify the equipment needed in an emergency situation and their locations.
      • specify documentation actions that needs to be taken post emergency.
    • It is recommended that EAPs are developed and coordinated with local EMS, and that annual review and rehearsals are completed.
  • Link to comprehensive EAP template (Korey Stringer Institute)
  • CATA Athletic Department Posted EAP (Word Doc for easy editing)

Automated External Defibrillators

  • What is an Automated External Defibrillator
    • An automated external defibrillator (AED) is a lightweight, portable device that delivers an electric shock through the chest to the heart.  The shock can potentially stop an irregular heart beat (arrhythmia) and allow a normal rhythm to resume following sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). SCA occurs when the heart malfunctions and stops beating unexpectedly. If not treated within minutes, it quickly leads to death.
  • AED Maintenance
    • According to California law, “each school district or charter school that elects to offer any interscholastic athletic program shall ensure that its AED or AEDs are maintained and regularly tested according to the operation and maintenance guidelines set forth by the manufacturer, the American Heart Association, or the American Red Cross, and according to any applicable rules and regulations set forth by the governmental authority under the federal Food and Drug Administration and any other applicable state and federal authority.”
    • While each AED manufacturer details their own AED maintenance plan the following components are typically included:
      • Register your AED with the manufacturer to receive program updates.
      • Appoint a on-site school personnel to inspect the AED on a regular basis for readiness.
      • Store spare accessories with the defibrillator in case of an emergency. Be sure to inspect them on a regular basis.
      • Report any issues you may have with the AED to the company you purchased your AED from. These issues can include: device defects, recalls, and expired or damaged accessories.
      • When you inspect the device you will need to check the:
        • Battery
        • Pads
        • Additional Accessories (pocket mask, gloves, razor, towel, etc)
        • Self-Test Check (green light or check mark)
      • Keep a record of your AED equipment as well as the installation dates, expiration dates, and inspection dates.

FAQs

  1. If we have elementary schools or middle school sports do those schools require an AED and EAP under AB 2009?
    • No.  The intent of the bill is for CIF sanctioned schools only.
  2. If we have sports at some of our high schools and no sports at others, do all schools need an AED and EAP?
    • While it would be a good idea to have AEDs and EAPs at all of your campuses, the intent of the bill was to ensure that there were AEDs at all schools that offer CIF sports.  We will be amending the statute to clarify this point.
  3. How many AEDs do we need?
    • It depends on the number of athletic facilities you have and their proximity to one another.  The goal is to ensure that AEDs are close enough to to be able to apply the AED within three to five minutes of an athlete, staff member, or spectator collapsing from sudden cardiac arrest at any of your athletic facilities.
  4. If we have intramural sports but no CIF sports teams do we need an AED and EAP?
    • While it would be a good thing to have AEDs and EAPs at all of your campuses, the intent of the bill was to ensure that there were AEDs at all schools that offer CIF sports.
  5. What if we have a campus with no CIF teams but we rent our facilities to outside organizations for athletic practices/games?
    • While it would be a good thing to have AEDs and EAPs at all of your campuses, the intent of the bill was to ensure that there were AEDs at all schools that offer CIF sports.

Eric Paredes Sudden Cardiac Arrest Prevention Act

Now in effect since July 1, 2017, the Eric Paredes Sudden Cardiac Arrest Prevention Act requires public, private and charter school-sponsored sports activities in grades K-12 to adhere to new sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) prevention standards, including a parent/student-signed SCA information acknowledgement form; bi-annual coach training in SCA prevention (free online course through the National Federation of High Schools); and removal from play protocol for an athlete who faints, or displays other symptoms believed to be cardiac related until the athlete is re-cleared to play by a physician, nurse practitioner or physician assistant.

For more information please visit the Eric Paredes Save A Life Foundation
AB 1639 Information

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